The Reagan administration launched its drug war against Bolivian coca and cocaine production between 1980-2 with attacks meant to terrorize the Quechua-speaking people growing coca in Chapare. Bullets from aircraft penetrated the tin rooftops of Bolivian homes, killing women, children, and men inside. As was his style, Ronald Reaganâ€™s war failed to stop coca production.
The coca growers, comprising male â€˜cocolerosâ€™ and women â€˜cocoleras,â€™ sought protection from US funded paramilitaries and death squads by sleeping in the jungles. They formed a growersâ€™ union (sindicato) using sindicato-funded FM and shortwave radios to organize and protect coca growers from non-sindicato sources of information. The union flexed its coca political muscle to arrange an agreement with the Bolivian government that distinctly clarified the national laws: coca was to be legal and its growers and coca plots were not to be harmed, while cocaine was made someone elseâ€™s problem. In his book, Coca Yes, Cocaine No (2019), Thomas Grisaffi summarizes the results:
The projection of the coca leaf as a symbol of national sovereignty, captured by the unionâ€™s call to arms, â€œLong live coca, death to Yankees,â€ served in part to tie national movements together to bring about the process that put [President] Evo Morales in powerâ€¦.
Morales and the MAS [Movimiento al Socialismo] never had to be explicit on cocaâ€™s relationship with cocaine: in the face of repressive policing, the promise was simply to end the war on drugs, to demilitarize the region, and to defend traditional coca leaf useâ€¦in 2013 the United Nations accepted the right to traditional coca consumption within Bolivian territory. [Kindle Edition pp. 20-21]. [â€¦]
Any cocalero or cocalera will explain that U.S.-led efforts had absolutely nothing to do with tackling the illicit drug trade, but rather were about obliterating organized peasant resistance to the neoliberal development model. In a 2006 interview, DoÃ±a Apolonia Bustamante, a leader in her mid-forties, put it this way: â€œThe United States, they want to snuff out oppositional movements that donâ€™t fit with their vision. They saw that we were unionized. They were scared about a powerful social movement here in the Tropics. And so they thought about it, and they decided to do away with the organizations, and that is why they attacked us repeatedly.â€ She went on to explain how the focus had previously been the fight against communism, â€œbut today itâ€™s the war on drugs.â€ [â€¦]
â€œBehind the war on drugs there are other interests. Interests in natural resources, and in dismantling the unions of the Chapare.â€ He went on to explain that the aim was to move peasant farmers off the land so that transnational companies could take control and employ them as a cheap labor force. [Kindle Edition, p. 43].
Today, thirty percent of Bolivians chew coca, including some middle class professionals, while coca remains a part of traditions thousands of years old. Coca increases the intake of oxygen in the lungs making it useful for altitude adaptations. In Cusco, Peru, coca tea is served to tourists for altitude sickness. Pope Francis, whoâ€™s had only one lung since an operation for a teenage lung infection, requested coca leaves on a visit to South America. Coca leaves can now be ordered served on silver trays in elite establishments in Argentina. Meanwhile, sindicato strategies against US interference have been adopted by resistance movements throughout the world. Given an impenetrable source of coca leaves, and with drug enforcement restricted to cocaine, prohibitionists may have found their holy grailâ€”a drug war without end.
Thomas Grisaffi cites another possibility besides perpetual drug war: legalize coca leaves internationally so consumers can choose between cocaine and legal coca with its â€œvitamins, calcium, iron, fiber, protein, and calories.â€ Bolivians might have easy access to cocaine, but they prefer chewing coca. Survival of Boliviaâ€™s traditions and transitions through decades of US drug war and propaganda suggests decriminalizing or legalizing coca leaves could cut deeply enough into cocaine markets to make cocaine wars obsolete.
It’s hard to imagine sindicato crops supported only indigenous use. I’m not suggesting their involvement in supplying the illegal trade is/was necessarily a bad idea, just that it was likely. And I’m curious as to what exactly constitutes non-sindicato information, and why the sindicatos suppress it.
As to Mr. Grisaffi’s alternative possibility: Legalizing coca leaves internationally, and absent any enforceable limits on production tied to world demand – and good luck with that – would make cocaine production easier and less risky.
Most if not all of us here believe the only logical solution is ending drug prohibition. That Mr. Grisaffi failed to make that point, whether wittingly or not, takes a little shine off his penny.
For future political correctness-sake, never say â€˜indigenousâ€™ to describe Bolivians. They donâ€™t like the word, no matter what their class status. It’s why I used the term â€˜Quechua-speaking.â€™
The sindicato organized coca growers. Cocaine manufacture was a separate category, Bolivian cocaine production is done by outside organizations that hire Quechua kids, Bolivians, and many types of outsiders to work 24-hour production runs in the jungles, stomping coca leaves mixed in gasoline, etc. This in a country where US$30 is a monthâ€™s wages. BTW, Boliviaâ€™s tin miners had their privately funded FM radio station destroyed by the government, but they’re allowed to use coca. It improves their work performance.
Growers receive about US$4 per pound (2013) for their coca leaves, a big deal for an environmentally friendly culture that relies on rainforest territories for most of their needs. In that sense, theyâ€™re much like the coffee growers in Central America who get very little for their product. By contrast, a prosecution for cocaine in Bolivia usually nets the hapless offender 8-15 years in prison. It takes 300 pounds of coca leaves to process one kilo of coca paste.
Boliviaâ€™s news media never reported the realities of the coca growing territories being hit with eradication efforts; murders, for instance. Growers needed their own trusted guerrilla radio station and transceivers to provide coded messages for coca growers, including growing tips and alerts of government activities in the area.
Cocaine hydrochloride, originally formulated to produce a water-soluble coca chemical analog, will not necessarily gain in popularity, not with a new sheriff in town, a cultivated plant in the family Erythroxylaceae exhibiting no adverse side effects. Like weed, no one ever died or ruined their sinuses chewing coca leaves.
Buy the ticket, read the book. I think youâ€™ll enjoy it.
Extract from Poisoner in Chief: Sidney Gottlieb and the CIA Search for Mind Control, published by Henry Holt & Co on 10 September.
Execution caused by being thrown out a window is called â€˜defenestration.â€™ Defenestration has a venerable and symbolic history, first as a means of executing the biblical Jezebel. The method encompasses historically relevant events beginning in Prague in 1419, and resuming with Frank Olsonâ€™s death in 1953.
So speaking of defenestration, committing suicide by jumping out of a window is called self defenestration. But since we’re talking about self defenestration, did you know that among securities trading professionals a seriously bad trading session might be referred to as “raining brokers” or hear comments like”there’s blood on the Street?” Strangely enough not a single broker committed suicide by self defenestration on Black Tuesday. There was no blood on the Street on 10/29/1929. 1930-1932 is still the best time ever to buy stocks.
I also suspect that no one ever dropped a dead cat from the observation platform of the Empire State Building but that investigation is on the back burner because the Republican Party obviously caught wind of my plan to encourage all Americans to change their voter registration to Republican in order to get rid of the POTUS proactively. It would have been much easier to get rid of him by keeping him off the ballot on Election Day. Less than 30% of voters self identify as Republicans Now I want an explanation of why the Republicans can just up and cancel their primaries and caucuses when there are people who want to vote against the Bloviator-in-chief?
I’ve never liked the idea of electing judges, especially State Supreme Court Justices. Here’s an example…in Arizona Bill Montgomery is now one of 7 sitting Justices on the State Supreme Court. Arizona is a very, very weird State.
Almost 2-years ago I fled the house at midnight to escape the Tubbs Fire in Sonoma County that destroyed my Wine Country home.
Fire in the belly
Fire in the hole
Fire on the mountain
Fire in my soul
Oh boo hoo! I turned ash-into-cash, tripling my income, paid off student loan and have titles to a mobile home, SUV, and a nice cash reserve thanks to 1/2 of a Santa Rosa home.
I spent a year-and-a-half on the Mendocino coast on the insurances companies dime. My only bill was the 30-pack of Bud I gave my neighbor to take my garbage and recycling down my driveway. Got a good taste of Mendo weed.
Now I’m close to Humboldt Bay in Humboldt County where the weed quality is the best!
They grow the best and import the best CA weed as well. I think just maybe Humboldt will compete and win against the new oncoming corporate tide. Quality matters and the genetics in Humboldt County rock!
I’m digging my new digs in the Emerald Triangle. Take care peeps gotta go.
Right on, NorCal! Glad that insurance finally found you, or you found it….but I recall the conversation we had. Mobile home is working out….and I love Arcata. Beautiful country and home to some great friends. Glad you’re settled in. Give us a call sometime. Great hearing from you.
Thanks darkcycle. Like the song says, “waiting is the hardest part.”
glad you had a good landing!
A mobile home…. the best fire insurance you could have in this this era of climate change. Good luck!
â˜› The Top Medical School in the US
Now Has a Psychedelics Research Center
Johns Hopkins University is known for producing some of the nationâ€™s best doctors, and now itâ€™s preparing them for the approaching era of medicinal psychedelics, too.
â˜› Canadaâ€™s University of Guelph
Launches Cannabis Cultivation Program
Lawmakers Advance Measure
Permitting Medical Cannabis Use on School Grounds
â˜› Nevada Nets Over $100M
From Cannabis Taxes and Fees
Cannabis-derived revenues continue to climb in Nevada, where officials have raked in more than $100 million from cannabis taxes and fees over the last fiscal year.
The New Film That Looks Into Medical Cannabis
For Children Suffering From Debilitating Conditions
â˜› Hemp Farming Quadrupled In The U.S. This Year
Illinois Community College
Offering Certificate Course in Cannabis
Oakton Community College in Des Plaines, Illinois has launched a cannabis certificate course focusing on the plantâ€™s molecular biology, drug laws and the treatment of terminal illnesses.
Centre to Allow Scientific Research on Cannabis
Netherlands to experiment
with nonmedical marijuana commercial production
Embattled Massachusetts mayor ousted by city council
A Massachusetts mayor charged with extorting hundreds of thousands of dollars from marijuana companies has been temporarily ousted from office.
Nevada Official Put on Leave
Amid Cannabis Licensing Fiasco
Allow Illegal Marijuana Sales to Persist
Francis’s Law strikes again:
Everyone says that Mitch McConnell won’t allow a vote on regulated re-legalization or any cannabis law reform for that matter. But I think that he’s gone and painted himself into a corner. Is he really going to allow all of those Kentucky farmers suffer at the hands of people that have nothing to offer except hysterical rhetoric and irrational fear? Oh yes, let’s not forget that the thought of regulated re-legalization is being bandied about Frankfort, specifically to relieve Kentucky farmers of that potential burden. So does he hate the fans of 420 more than he loves his Kentucky dirt farmers? Stay tuned…
Never, ever underestimate the prevalence and intensity of sadism.
Punctuation can make a big difference. For instance there’s a claim that a certain Mr. Jason Dickout got high on legal cannabis oil, had a psychotic break and stabbed his mother to death. Police arrived and entered through the front door, where they found Mr. Dickout, naked from the waist down with blood droplets on his face and t-shirt, his bare feet smeared with blood. He was screaming unintelligibly and laughing. Oh well, at least I was able to salvage a little black humor from this nonsense. Do Canadians just have weird names? I recall another incident in Canada involving a man from the Outhouse family. Do you think that Mr. Dickout knows Mr. Outhouse?
So let’s make a list of all the alleged murders allegedly committed by people who got high on legal cannabis.
Gosh, I sure hope I didn’t omit any incidents. Sometimes writing out long lists gives me a brain fart.
A New York ethics commission has rejected prohibitionist group @learnaboutsamâ€™s effort to keep its list of anti-marijuana donors secret.
Group opposed to marijuana legalization
wants to keep donors private
Smart Approaches to Marijuana New York (SAM NY) President Kevin Abraham Sabet-Sharghi, a former drug policy advisor to President Obama, speaks during a press conference at the New York State Capitol on Monday Feb. 11, 2019 in Albany, N.Y. He was joined by victims of drug abuse, education advocates, law enforcement and healthcare experts to urge lawmakers to reject rushing to commercialize marijuana in New York State. (Lori Van Buren/Times Union)
The Hypocrisy of Cannabis Prohibition Advocatesâ€™
SAMâ€™s request for donor anonymity claims that it doesnâ€™t receive funding from â€œfaceless deep-pocketed corporate interestsâ€ in the â€œalcohol, tobacco, opioid, or the prison industriesâ€¦â€
Yet the organizationâ€™s attempt to avoid transparency is ironic, when SAM has just announced its intention to release a report on industry donations to the marijuana legalization movement.
Joe Biden Says Marijuana Should Remain Illegal As A Misdemeanor At Democratic Debate – https://www.marijuanamoment.net/joe-biden-says-marijuana-offenses-should-be-misdemeanors-at-democratic-debate/
â€œJoe Biden: Mass Incarceration Zealotâ€
Why Weed Advocates Arenâ€™t Happy About Joe Biden
The Union: The Business Behind Getting High
Warning: This comment may be hurtful to humans with vaginas.
Biden is a Cunt. Just like every other Corporately-owned Dem.
I have never used that word to criticize politicians, or anyone really. Though I don’t see it as particularly more vulgar than other adjectives. In Biden’s case its accurate, trumpy too. Its hard to make a cuss word that sounds the same as words we use everyday. My Country tis of Thy People You’re Dying. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bTqV1pnQoos
I know growing up it was a pretty high ranking curse word that would bring more trouble than others. The “F” word was taboo in the early 60s, but faded by the 70s. As for corporate dems, I agree. But more rare is a non corporate GOPer. I think Commie Mitch McConnel is more of a “C” than trump. I think taking the Senate will do more good than winning the presidency.
I’m also not impressed with Gavin Newsuence busting old time growers because they aren’t quasi legal or following stupid irrelevant restrictions and over taxing. For decades these Public Servants supplied American citizens with their Ganja and should be given respect and first bids.
Now to take a few hits of hash with a stamp on it. Haven’t seen that since the early 70s. Then, it wasn’t packaged so pretty. I believe they capped potency when they recreationed it. Definitely not Blond Lebanese or Afghani.
Bring on the Thai sticks!
Thais allowed six cannabis plants
per household under draft law
According to an article at the Intercept today, Biden played a significant role in the establishment of a Drug Czar.
I think he coined the word or term drug “Czar”. The lies he told to get the RAVE Ax that failed 3 times on its own. Then tacked onto the Amber Alert. Who thinks making xtc more dangerous is a deterrent? Or banning test kits so they roll the dice as to living or dying? So far it has only threatened NORML gatherings. Skuzbucket. I am sickened by undercover GOPerverts like Clinton and Biden. Here’s another conveniently seeing the light before the election.
â˜› The Two Faces of Kamala Harris
It isn’t “free speech” if you’re speaking anonymously. Free speech refers to speaking publicly and accepting the consequences.
Who was Publius? Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. The Founders certainly intended that anonymous speech is protected speech. See McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission, 514 U.S. 334 (1995)
Duncan is right, speech is speech. No distinction is drawn between anonymous speech and any other public speech.
Hey NCN, I’m contemplating retirement. Have some friends in Eurika I plan to see next month or so. Thinking about re-locating around Arcata by the end of the year. Might go back to Florida and see my kids a while, but Humboldt seems to be on the radar. Still concerned about the weather being more cold than I want. But we’ll see. I’ll give you a shout out when I’m in the area. Be Well.
Officers Said They Smelled Pot. The Judge Called Them Liars:
I had to sign a nondisclosure form for Proctor&Gamble when I worked for them in FL. Many Care Management agencies would prefer I not advocate to famalies doctors and nurses. I was never formally told not too or signed any agreements, so I did as I do private cases and told the doctors. I also respect patients rights if they don’t want people to know they’re using. One case that fell short imo was Bong Hits for Jesus removing free speech from students. I have a small problem with these articles below. Not really, or even a big concern, due to the no loveloss for SAM type groups. But it does seem a tad hypocritical. Except its been so one sided for 5 decades its hard to conjure they are the same. SAM keeps donors private because they lie and do harm to people and only slimy degenerates would donate to such a cause. Those against prohibition donors were persecuted and stigmatized for telling the truth. Seems more like protecting the right to remain silent.
â˜› ACLU-NJ Challenges Unconstitutional Donor Disclosure Law That Threatens Free Speech
The American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey and the national ACLU today filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of a law requiring all social welfare organizations to disclose personal information about their donors and details about nonpartisan voter education and advocacy activities.
â˜› Group opposed to marijuana legalization wants to keep donors private
â˜› Bong Hits 4 Jesus
The Secret History of Fort Detrick, the CIAâ€™s Base for Mind Control Experiments
My guess, based on dropping a lot of LSD is that after about 5 days their brains acclimated and except for a generalized “rubbery” feel to reality felt no effects. Now I never set off to take LSD for 77 days in a row, nor did it happen by happenstance. There’s one singular reason for that….it would have been a waste of good LSD.
I do imagine though that the first 5 days weren’t any fun. I’ve never been dosed without my consent but I did make the mistake of dosing in jail once. There was nothing but dark energy generating dark imagery. I did prove that set and setting are of significant importance when it comes to enjoying an LSD experience. I don’t doubt that these men were injured. I just think it happened in the first 5 days and it wouldn’t have mattered if they were dosed 777 days in a row.
Agree. In H.S. I went on a two week binger, dosing everyday sometimes twice a day. Started with a single dose, by the time I was finished, two four way blotters would barely register. Diminished returns were obvious by the third day. But I dealt A LOT of acid in those days, and I didn’t care. But it quickly became clear it was a waste of time.