Hemp is legal in the United States

Congress just passed an $867 billion farm bill. Here’s what’s in it.

Wow, that took a long time.

This article in Forbes explains it all for the completely oblivious masses that haven’t been aware (like we have) that the prohibition of hemp was one of the stupidest things imaginable.

How Hemp And The Farm Bill May Change Life As You Know It

I tip my hat to those who have worked so hard on this for so many years.

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48 Responses to Hemp is legal in the United States

  1. DdC says:

    President Trump signs $867 billion farm bill into law
    Trump signed into law Thursday an $867 billion farm bill that provides billions in aid to U.S. farmers while rejecting deep cuts to the federal food stamp programs sought by some House Republicans.

    President Trump Signs 2018 Farm Bill, Legalizing Hemp – Cannabis Business Times http://www.cannabisbusinesstimes.com/article/president-trump-signs-2018-farm-bill-legalizing-hemp/#.XBwOigvVDxU.twitter

  2. Servetus says:

    Hemp’s been technically illegal since 1937. And now CBD production alone from hemp is projected to be a $22 billion dollar US business by 2022.

    For 81 years, allegedly the most industrialized nation on the planet has allowed itself to be kowtowed by superstition and hysteria regarding a prolific weed that co-evolved alongside humankind, a beneficial material used for a minimum of 12,000 years.

    Examples of hemp and marijuana hysteria are why historians say history rarely proceeds in a linear progression. Witch hysterias followed the same cyclic pattern between the 12th and 17th centuries, coming and going depending on the ignorance and gullibility of the existing leadership. One example was King James I in England, who executed women for witchcraft. He also hated Native Americans for being the source of tobacco entering Europe, calling them “filthy Indians”.

    Hemp and marijuana prohibition itself was the symptom of a greater evil, but the evil wasn’t always superstition. It was also fascism, and that brings us back to 1937.

    In the 1930s, a large number of Americans were proto-fascist. Hitler, Mussolini, and Mustafa Kemel Ataturk were greatly admired political figures. The budget for the Vatican had been kindly underwritten by Mussolini, who also declared it an independent state. Mormon Church leaders in the US praised Hitler endlessly. Chief among celebrity American fascists were American journalists, industrialists, and bankers; people such as William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, and Andrew J. Mellon, whose family Harry Anslinger hitched a ride with by marrying Martha Kind Denniston, a Mellon family member. When Hitler attacked Poland in 1939, support for fascism collapsed in the US, but it didn’t dissolve completely.

    Remnants of fascism remained, employing drug prohibition as a means of social control, just as the Catholic Church had done since the 4th century CE when it destroyed the Temple of Eleusis and its drug mysteries, or up until 1978 when missionaries sought the prosecution of Native Americans for their ceremonial use of peyote.

    The re-legalization of hemp in 2018 thereby re-establishes a useful and lucrative commodity while providing a powerful example of how people can strike back at totalitarianism and win. Many more such strikes are planned in the future, as more drugs and plant products are freed from legal captivity.

  3. Servetus says:

    Hemp and marijuana have distinct medicinal benefits according to Sara Biela and Chase Turner, graduate students in the lab of Wasana Sumanasekera at Sullivan University College of Pharmacy in Kentucky:

    23-APR-2018 — Results from some of the first studies to examine hemp’s ability to fight cancer show that it might one day be useful as plant-based treatment for ovarian cancer. Hemp is part of the same cannabis family as marijuana but doesn’t have any psychoactive properties…

    “Hemp, like marijuana, contains therapeutically valuable components such as cannabidiol, cannabinol, and tetrahydrocannabinol,” explained Biela. “However, unlike marijuana, hemp’s therapeutic ability has not been studied in detail.”

    Two new studies examined the therapeutic potential of an extract known as KY-hemp, which is produced from hemp grown in Kentucky. The plant strain, growing conditions and processing techniques were all optimized to produce an extract containing substances with potential therapeutic benefit and to eliminate any residue that could contaminate the product.

    In one study, the researchers found that adding various doses of KY-hemp extract to cultured ovarian cells led to significant dose-dependent slowing of cell migration. This finding indicated that the extract might be useful for stopping or slowing down metastasis — the spreading of cancer to other parts of the body. […]

    Experiments with cultured ovarian cancer cells showed that KY-hemp slowed the secretion of the interleukin IL-1 beta. Interleukins produce inflammation that can be damaging and has been linked to cancer progression. The hemp-induced slowing of IL-1 β secretion represents a possible biological mechanism responsible for KY-hemp’s anti-cancer effects. […]

    “Our findings from this research as well as prior research show that KY hemp slows ovarian cancer comparable to or even better than the current ovarian cancer drug Cisplatin,” said Turner. “Since Cisplatin exhibits high toxicity, we anticipate that hemp would carry less side effects. However, that needed to be tested in the future.” […]

    AAAS Public Release: Hemp shows potential for treating ovarian cancer: Researchers demonstrate hemp’s ability to slow cancer growth and uncover mechanism for its cancer-fighting ability

  4. Mouthy says:

    To support a law is a physical action. To not want drug legalization is a physical action. Those who support the drug laws have ownership of the laws and must be held responsible for the outcomes/consequences.

    If my pit-bull ripped off someone’s penis, I’d be responsible. If my drug laws supplied the terrorists with 9/11 drug money, I’m 100% responsible for 9/11. Especially since drug money attempted to destroy the WTC in 1993 . . . the end results are the desired consequences. This is true if they are the same consequences decade after decade.

    If the Taliban use drug money to engage in child rape (rape produces fear and control in a warzone), the a cop or judge or citizen who supports keeping drugs illegal, simply just wants heroin etc illegal so children can be raped.

    • Servetus says:

      No problem, Mouthy. The prohibidiots and prohibitches are facing their day of reckoning, although if we don’t prosecute them for drug war crimes soon, some of them may be dead before they suffer any humiliation by being hanged by their nuts by an enraged public. It’s the old Nazi dilemma. It turns out to be unavoidable. Some of them will get away with it all just because they’re old.

      Human rights criminals, such as Israel’s Netanyahu and his treatment of Palestinians, count on him checking out soon while society scapegoats him later for his ill deeds, bypassing all collaborators in the process, and reparations. People such as Netanyahu don’t care what people think about them after they’re dead. Why should they? They’re fertilizer.

      I wasn’t familiar with the Taliban baby rapers, but I’m not surprised. In war all morals are off limits. That’s where drugs come in. Anything that can used to secure an advantage gets used. If drug control issues are critical toward that end, they get used. No greater advantage exists than someone else’s control over someone’s health issues, or peace of mind.

      I like to think of the current state of the drug war as being much like the battle for Berlin. We’re attacking the core of prohibitionist elite. It’s a dirty job, but somebody has do it.

  5. Servetus says:

    The drug testing industry is seeing a decline as a tight labor market forces employers to overlook indications of marijuana or drug use specific to the job positions being filled:

    Jan 24, 2018 — …some labor lawyers say the legalization of marijuana use — 10 states and Washington, District of Columbia, allow for recreational use of pot, while 33 states and the District have legalized it for medical use — is having a big effect on how employers view employee use of the drug.

    “What I see employers doing is evaluating the positions, asking ‘is this really a safety-sensitive position?’ ” said Erin McLaughlin, a labor and employment lawyer with Buchanan, Ingersoll & Rooney based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. “If it’s not, then there are more employers who are taking the position ‘let’s not test for marijuana.’ ”

    She believes the tight labor market is also clearly playing a role. “Absolutely, I think in positions where there is a labor shortage right now and employers are looking for candidates for jobs that don’t have safety-sensitive issues or aren’t federally regulated [to require testing], I definitely think employers are eliminating drug testing as a whole when it comes to hiring applicants,” she said.

    She pointed to the construction industry, where there are big labor shortages, and said she’d seen it with some retail clients. “Quite frankly, for jobs like a cashier, a sales associate — many of them don’t do drug testing at all, especially considering the labor shortage.”

    James Reidy, a labor and employment lawyer with Sheehan Phinney in New Hampshire, said he’s seeing similar responses.

    “A lot of companies are recognizing if I drug test at the post-offer, pre-employment position, I’m going to lose out on people,” he said. […]


    Crocodile tears for Robert DuPont.

    • kaptinemo says:

      To corroborate, I recently got a position with a contractor doing business with a civilian Federal agency, and guess what? No piss-in-the-bottle. In fact, they were in such a rush to get qualified, experienced people into position that I was hired sight-unseen before any paperwork was initiated.

      It was said here long ago that drug testing only performed a kind of reverse quality control, in that it stifled the hiring of creative individuals and assured organizations would be staffed by high-conformity but low-initiative personnel.

      The technical field (such as IT) where drug testing was largely not employed, has enjoyed some extraordinary successes these past 3 decades, compared to more traditional business environments where drug testing has been implemented.

      The corollary should as be obvious as the irony never seems to be: the modern, wholly-computer-dependent business structure is hopelessly and helplessly reliant upon technology conceived in techie bull-sessions wreathed in thick clouds of cannabis smoke and fueled by other, even more potent substances.

      Yet that same business structure seeks to destroy (via drug testing) the very sub-culture responsible for the (obscene) profit levels it currently enjoys. A sub-culture whose efforts it is constitutionally incapable of duplicating.

      The triumph of the prohibitionists has been the tragedy of the business world, for the latter has driven out some of the most creative people on the planet to appease the former in hopes of reaping short-term gains. Now the business world faces a tectonic shift in demographics which herald the ending of drug prohibition, as said prohibition is not supported, socially or politically, by a new electorate – and work cohort – replacing the old one. Which is now forcing changes in hiring practices.

      The Old Guard prohibitionists that DuPont and his ilk represent are rapidly vanishing, thanks to simple attrition, and the next generation of frustrated hall-monitor wannabes such as Sabet know they are only welcome among their own vanishingly small numbers, and have no cachet with the very peers they need to convince in order to keep their gravy train running and their rice bowls filled. And it is those peers who are changing the laws…and forcing the changes in hiring practices, accordingly.

  6. Daniel Williams says:

    Merry Christmas, Pete – have a happy and healthy 2019!

  7. darkcycle says:

    Yeah, Couchmates….Merry Christmas, happy solstice, and whatever you choose to celebrate. Pete, hope the healing is going well, Happy Holidays to you and yours. BTW….your dad may be getting a new roomate!….my dad may be moving into the GSH later this year!

  8. DdC says:

    Jolly Holly Daze Maties,
    Wishing all their fill of
    Wantonness, Misrule and Chambering…




    Santa and Magic Mushrooms
    The Shamanic Origins of Christmas Traditions

    The True Spirits of an Old-Time Christmas http://endingcannabisprohibition.yuku.com/topic/1152
    Wantonness, Misrule and Chambering

  9. DdC says:

    A study examined the effects of differing cannabis products with varying THC and CBD concentrations on chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia, finding that CBD seemed to counter the pain relieving effects of THC.
    ☛ Study Reveals How Marijuana Components THC And CBD Affect Chronic Pain

    ☛ Associations between cannabis use and cardiometabolic risk factors: A longitudinal study of men.
    CONCLUSIONS: Cannabis use is associated with lower BMI, and lower BMI is related to lower levels of risk on other cardiometabolic risk factors.

    ☛ A new study looked at what factors might be behind Americans’ rapidly growing support for marijuana legalization, finding that religion and the news media play significant roles.

    ☛ Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) tweeted
    , “This is not the Onion. LA Times reports that marijuana sales in CA are much lower than expected…because over-regulation makes it so incredibly hard to start a small business. Perhaps, a pro-economic liberty movement blossoming on the West Coast?”

    ☛ No restriction on offering prasad to God, UP Minister on marijuana use at Kumbh Mela
    A government minister in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh said that there will be no restrictions on offering marijuana to God during next year’s Kumbh Mela celebrations.

  10. ken lee says:

    I couldn’t do without you.

  11. Mouthy says:

    White Boy Rick is now a movie, staring Matthew McConaughey. Damn, and he won’t get out until 2020.

    • Servetus says:

      Are you talking about this?

      I don’t know anything about said Caucasian male AKA Rick. Will I need to buy more artillery?

      • Mouthy says:

        That link looks like it would be a good movie . . . reminds me of a Thomas Pynchon character. DdC had posted a thing or two about this kid (I believe) and at age 14, became the youngest FBI informant. Instead of artillery, I’d buy a box of tissues and to make sure you smoke enough before, during, and after.


        And to think they’ve done this to countless kids and not just the FBI. Life at 17 because of a drug law regarding quantity. And he was young when they lured him into that kind of life with a supposed safety net around him.

        Have a Happy New Year Servetus, Pete, and the rest of the Couch.

  12. SmokeThat says:

    Wishing you all a disaster free 2019.

    We live just 3 Miles inland from this mega beach-candle. The whole sky turned red.


  13. DdC says:

    Legendary pot advocate John Sinclair opening cafe in Detroit

    Bubba Kush: Delhi Police Press Release will make you laugh a contagious laugh https://www.indiatoday.in/trending-news/story/delhi-police-drug-racket-ganja-new-year-1421166-2019-01-01?utm_source=rss via @indiatoday

    Moreover, as per the Delhi Police’s official statement, India imports at least six types of ganja from the US. Yes, you read that right. We, the land of the lord of all things green and five-leaved, are importing ganja from Trump country. Shiva Shiva!

  14. Servetus says:

    There is nothing reasonable or logical about the motives for continuing an unnecessary prohibition. That would imply any such motives are likely to be religious in nature.

    One such motive for cannabis prohibition is offered by Stephen E. Strang, who Time magazine believes to be “one of the most influential evangelicals in America”:

    “We’re in the midst of a cultural revolution, and it’s no secret that traditional moral values are taking a beating. Looking at the landscape of the past 10 to 20 years and the mounting toll of crimes and crises that fill the daily headlines, it’s hard to ignore the feeling that maybe we’ve gone too far. The culture has drifted way out of bounds and out of control. The hate-filled rhetoric and threats of physical violence coming from the left reveal just how deeply divided we are as a nation—so divided there seems to be little hope of ever reaching agreement on what’s to be done about it. […]

    “He [Trump] is not a theologian or even an evangelical,” Strang said, “but whenever he has expressed concern about the moral decline in America, he has been lampooned by the media as a hypocrite and a bigot. Meanwhile, men and women on the left are marching in the streets for abortion on demand and celebrating the right to take the life of an unborn child up to the moment of birth. They’re glad same-sex marriage was validated by the Supreme Court and that marijuana is being legalized in state after state. And when it comes to old-fashioned morality, the mantra of the secular culture is simply ‘anything goes.’ This too is a sign of biblical judgment.” […]


    Strang contends the social acceptance of hemp/marijuana is the moral equivalent of getting an abortion, or doing anything else he doesn’t like. It doesn’t stop there. If Trump gets removed from office before 2020, Mike Pence will become the evangelical-in-chief. Mike will put Stang’s old-fashioned political moral philosophy to work.

      • Mouthy says:

        Didn’t you show us the link between the U.K. and the year it outlawed heroin . . . 60 addicts before 1961 and then way more after it was outlawed? Just thinking to the novel, ‘Trainspotting’. If X represents the number of crimes being committed before heroin was illegal and Y represents the amount of new crimes being generated/committed from just the prohibition of heroin.

        A random made up number of (yes, nothing shocks me ever since my days in Baghdad, Paris, and Mexico) child prostitutes existing before England prohibited heroin in their nation is X. Y represents the new number because gangs have more power with drug money, plus kids are getting hooked and hooking themselves for their fix. Add them together. If Portugal and Switzerland saw a decrease in the crimes generated from prohibited heroin and drug money, plus a decrease in drug use/addiction, then wouldn’t the increase of child prostitution in Great Britain after 1961 be one of the reasons why heroin remained illegal the following decades. Especially since the increase of drug users occurred as a result of prohibition, and not its opposite of decreasing the amount of users, plus it made the drugs more dangerous and placed users at risk. The end results are obviously the intended results. If someone supporting the law isn’t donating at least 50% of all their income to negate its negative consequences–then said supporter of the drug law clearly does not want to see justice or take responsibility for their actions . . . to support the law is to be the owner of it. That is bad parenting on the part of drug law supporters.

        It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to realize that any politician or cop or citizen or Christian speaking in defense of our drug laws is simply hell bent on the proven increase of children being prostituted. If the increase of child prostitutes increased as a result of drug prohibition, while drug use itself increased, then it is clear.

        The End Results (decades of the same) are the Desired Results.

        I think we have a much larger mountain to climb with the other white meats. Cannabis legalization appears too obvious with the blatant hypocrisy and the fact its a plant with many benefits. I doubt I’d know any of you guys if it wasn’t for Iraq, since you offered me more than what High Times could provide. Real Food. Having used them as a teenager, I would have never known what cocaine etc really were without Iraq. But how will the rest of the world come to know that they secretly desire bad things? Yes, sir. Having worked next to them, I have been baptized by the SEA EYE A and I was dunked inside an ocean of drug money.

        A lot of people hate drugs because they are dangerous and have destroyed the lives of their loved ones. How do we get them to see choices? The drug use was a choice, just like driving and yet we know driving is dangerous. But keeping drugs illegal/desiring the law is premeditated murder, rape, war, addiction, 9/11. The state prohibiting drugs was a choice. To keep drugs illegal goes against the very nature of self preservation for a cop or myself. It increases gangs, dangerous-lethal adulterants, corruption–which is bad for democracy and capitalism and socialism . . . it increases terrorist funding and so vacation spots in Europe or Mexico are dangerous.

    • NorCalNative says:

      The link to Pence talks about the mutual admiration between predatory capitalism and evil-angelicals. It’s not just that most monotheistic faiths are bat-shit crazy, they’re also natural allies to the predatory instincts of capital and prohibitionists.

      We live in this dream world where we’re supposed to allow a zillion different versions of one god. It’s fucking bullshit and I’m tired of it.

      But hey, it looks like capital is pushing Biden to run for U.S. hall monitor so we’ll be fine.

      • Servetus says:

        Emma Goldman’s comments on Puritanism fit prohibitionism with a mere word switcheroo, as both are derived in part from Calvinism:

        “Puritanism has made life itself impossible. More than art, more than estheticism, life represents beauty in a thousand variations; it is indeed, a gigantic panorama of eternal change. Puritanism, on the other hand, rests on a fixed and immovable conception of life; it is based on the Calvinistic idea that life is a curse, imposed upon man by the wrath of God. In order to redeem himself man must do constant penance, must repudiate every natural and healthy impulse, and turn his back on joy and beauty.”

        Ironically, Puritanism is also a source of what’s been called ‘rape culture’ in the US. When the Puritans landed in North America, there was a shortage of women in their group, and that was how male Puritans rationalized rapes committed by young Puritan men.

        Despite the many stereotypes, Puritans were known to have a ribald sense of humor. For instance, a story appeared in a Puritan newspaper of an elderly pair having just been married, announcing that both man and wife were found dead in their marriage bed the following morning, inferring terminal exhaustion as the cause of death.

        • NCN says:

          You ever read historian Edward Gibbon? Your religious info and thoughts remind me a bit of ol’ long-dead Eddy.

        • Servetus says:

          Gibbon, ah yes. Good ol’ Ed blamed the fall of the Roman Empire on the Christians. Apparently, love, peace and good will are not beneficial to empires. And a series of lazy and incompetent emperors didn’t deal properly with the barbarians at the gates and were sacked for it. The aqueducts were left in disrepair, and so forth.

          When Constantine took over Rome, he promptly made Christianity (Nicene creed) the official state religion. Easily done, as it was already popular throughout Rome. Constantine restricted good jobs to Christians only, and made certain Christians knew their duty to the state included military service. As for the miraculous celestial event, it may or may not have happened.

          Since the fall of Rome, Christianity has been a very militant religion. Unlike other religious factions, Christians have a reputation for destroying works of art, burning books, and burning out foreign cultures in an ongoing effort at imperialist expansion. The burning of the library of Alexandria is an example. Hypatia is another. The crusades and the current US omnipresence in the Mideast are like a stick poking at the human territorial imperative.

          Christianity still chooses war over peace, that’s why we have a drug war instead of drug peace.

        • NorCalNative says:

          What stuck in my head from reading Gibbon’s stuff on early Christianity, was the development on how they changed one of their cherished ideals. Prior to getting a ticket to Rome they believed that all killing was murder. They considered the taking of a life in combat a murder, and against their religious beliefs.

          Gibbon describes a bit about how over a few decades after Constantine’s acceptance they debated their murder policy and how they reconciled their new protected status with a formerly fundamental idea of their faith.

          I recall a movie with Orlando Bloom and hottie Eva Green where Orlando’s character passes a crusader and the crusader says “to kill an infidel is not murder, it’s the pathway to heaven.”

          When you can kill in God’s name, shit’s an open field for real estate and resource grabs just for starters.

        • Servetus says:

          Christianity began as a death cult. Its symbol was a corpse on a stick that made children cry when they were forced to view it. Death had a larger presence and meaning back then. In Rome 2000 years ago the average human life expectancy was 26. Only 4-percent of the population made it past age 50. Any religion that offered hope from suffering or death was bound to be popular.

          The first three hundred years of Christianity’s existence produced some policies helping sustain lives. Christians invented prisoner exchanges. When wars came to an end, captured enemy soldiers were allowed to return to their homes. Christians eliminated the practice of exposure, in which unwanted children were left at a specific location in Rome where anyone else could come along and take the child and do as they pleased with him or her. Christian attempts to eliminate the practice of abortion failed, and continue to fail.

          When Constantine coopted Christianity as the state religion, he made it a tool of the state, something it’s been ever since. Because part of the duty of the state is to kill people, Christians were forced to go along, if not the Church itself, which forbid itself from shedding blood. Executions by the Church were ordered performed by the secular arm of the legal system.

          Constantine was familiar with killing. He had his nephew and brother-in-law executed, which is why the Catholic Church never made him a saint. They just called him the greatest emperor ever. The killing that went on as a part of the gladiatorial games wasn’t ended by Christians, but by the Visigoths or barbarians, people who considered the games to be a waste of resources.

  15. Matthew Marshall says:

    Forgive the length, but I’m working out a problem on how to convert a Christian drug counselor–former pill addict who hit rock bottom (lost the high paying job and the wife and kids) and has now opened up a drug addiction based ministry and recovery counseling. I grew up with the guy and he was a preacher’s kid and a real jerk to me at church, church camp, football, and school–so he wasn’t a hypocrite like some of the other preppy kids who would be mean one minute, then find God and repent with kindness, just to be jerks the next month back at school.

    I’m up to the challenge and he holds real weight in the Millennial Evangelical Conservative realm of things in this part of the country and in my state.

    • Servetus says:

      A lot of preacher’s kids are in jail. It’s so common the prison system writes it off as some kind of inevitability. Preacher’s kid, okay, we’re done. No more questions.

      It’s a classic conflict between authoritarians and radicals. A lot of cop’s kids end up in jail as well. The link is a tossup between sociopathy and psychopathy. Strange people are attracted to the prison industrial complex. That’s because imprisonment is strange. So is authoritarianism.

      Stranger still is the origin of the word ‘penitentiary’. The root phoneme, penitent, is religious in origin. When the inquisitions in Europe imprisoned heretics, they discovered that imprisonment by itself was punishment. Never mind ripping out tongues, gouging out eyes, cutting off hands, or ears, or noses, and so forth. Imprisonment sucked, but it was an improvement over other methods of punishment.

      I’ve always found that revealing the history of drug enforcement is the best weapon against it.

      As for converting people who are locked into the dark cycle of employing drugs as a scapegoat, I defer to darkcycle.

      • darkcycle says:

        I have no magic amulet for that, Servetus. If such conversions are even possible, they would probably have to come from within.

        • NCN says:

          Dude, you’re way too modest. Small photographs of that sexy black vintage jaguar you own, worn on a neck chain, would do the trick. The owner of that amulet would be way too hip to deviate from an uncool life of scapegoating fun chemicals.

  16. Mr_Alex says:

    @DdC and etc

    I am not sure how many commenters here would be surprise to learn that Cannabis Oil demand is pretty high in the airline industry when it comes to pilots and cabin crew. This is because due to the UV ray, Radiation or Cosmic Ray exposure which at sufficient levels, the cells can mutate into cancer and also in New Zealand where I live, a friend of mine makes Cannabis Oil covertly despite being a Class B Rated Substance in New Zealand, when I had a chat with him a week ago, he was telling me about the people who brought the Cannabis Oil off him and he says the stoner stereo type when it comes to the types of people who use Cannabis is very misleading as pilots and cabin crew from the airlines use Cannabis Oil as a preventitive.

  17. Servetus says:

    Keith Humphreys admits defeat in defining the term ‘stoned driving’:

    Jan 3, 2019 — “It’s a really hard problem,” said Keith Humphreys, a psychiatry professor and drug policy expert at Stanford University in California, the first state to legalize medical marijuana and where recreational pot use among adults became legal in 2016. “We don’t really have good evidence — even if we know someone has been using — [to gauge] what their level of impairment is.”

    While others trudge onward:

    “You can’t legalize a substance and not have a coherent policy for controlling driving under the influence of that substance,” said Steven Davenport, an assistant policy researcher at the nonprofit Rand Corp., who specializes in marijuana research.

    Marijuana, after all, weakens a driver’s ability to maintain focus, and it slows reflexes. But regulators are “playing catch-up,” suggested Thomas Marcotte, a psychiatry professor at the University of California-San Diego and one of a number of academics around the country who is researching driving while high. […]

    Colorado, where voters approved legalization of recreational marijuana in 2012, has this type of driving law on the books. It took three years to pass amid fiery debate and deems “intoxicated” any driver who tests higher than 5 nanograms of THC per milliliter of blood.

    Rhode Island, Pennsylvania and Indiana are among states that forbid driving at any THC level. Still others say drivers should be penalized only if they are impaired by the chemical — a standard that sounds reasonable but quickly gets difficult to measure or even define. […]


    For the time being, it looks as if we’ll have legalized marijuana but no coherent policy for controlling driving under the influence of demon cannabinoids.

    Such is already the case for those driving under the influence of opioids, who get off with little more than precautions about operating a motor vehicle from their doctors. And yet car accident rates correlated with opioid intakes have spiked since 1995.

    The paradigm that needs to be considered is downers versus stimulants. Cannabis consumption produces nothing similar to the number of opioid fatalities when researchers attempt to exclusively link it to auto accidents. Alcohol we know about. Both alcohol and opioids are downers, whereas marijuana with a predominant THC content can have both a calming and mentally stimulating effect.

    If prohibs still want to chase demons, they can always track down those driving under the influence of voodoo. The black arts should keep the prohibidiots busy for a very long time.

    • DdC says:

      Drivers on vacation in a strange town is who I have to deal with. Shit loose straight, let alone on booze. No where in America do we drive on the left side of the road except whacky tourists by the beach trying to get a picture. Or non Ganja using old people on big pharma or worse, sober. Especially on some of the mountain roads. Two lanes tied up for miles because these geezers can’t go the speed limit on windy roads. Or delivery trucks and high rent, causing people to live outside of the city limits then commute and clog the freeway. Always in a hurry darting in and out of lanes.

      Criminalizing driving before an incident, based on metabolites in fat cells for weeks. Is predicting crime with a cracked crystal ball. But then again. Private prisons don’t really care if you’re guilty of a crime. Just head counts for the bottom line. We can all rest assured now that we have another Drug Tzar to lead us in our drug doing.

      With Senate votes, Trump gets a permanent drug czar — and his first science adviser via @statnews

      Looks like a plot to me…

      Will for Profit Prison Reform Bring the Prison Home?
      Disguised as prison reform, a Koch Brothers plan would bring the prison home for the incarcerated, leaving them vulnerable to police raids, checks at any time, monitored and under constant surveillance.

  18. Servetus says:

    Japanese researchers led by A. Nagashimi at the University of Tokyo have determined that plants can detect odors. The research was performed on tobacco plants, but the results are likely to be applicable to all plants including cannabis:

    23-Jan-2019 — Plants detect a class of odor molecules known as volatile organic compounds, which are essential for many plant survival strategies, including attracting birds and bees, deterring pests, and reacting to disease in nearby plants. These compounds also give essential oils their distinctive scents.

    Touhara’s team exposed tobacco cells and 4-week-old tobacco plants to different volatile organic compounds. They discovered that odor molecules change gene expression by binding to other molecules called transcriptional co-repressors that can turn genes on or off.

    In plants, the odor molecules must move into the cell and accumulate before they affect plant behavior. In animals, odor molecules are recognized by receptors on the outside of cells in the nose and immediately trigger a signaling pathway to recognize the odor and change behavior.

    “Plants can’t run away, so of course they react to odors more slowly than animals. If plants can prepare for environmental change within the same day, that is probably fast enough for them,” said Touhara.

    Speed is unnecessary for plants, but they may be able to recognize a much greater variety of odor molecules.

    “Humans have about 400 odor receptors. Elephants have about 2,000, the largest number in animals. But based on how many transcription factor genes are in plants, plants may be able to detect many more odors than animals,” said Touhara.

    Touhara imagines applying these discoveries to influence crop quality or character without the complications of gene editing or pesticide use. Farmers could spray their fields with an odor associated with a desired plant behavior, for example, an odor that triggers plants to change the taste of their leaves to deter insects. […]

    AAAS Public Release: https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-01/uot-pcs012219.php

    The research is published … on February 15, 2019, available online on December 28, 2018.

    Original: Nagashima A, Higaki T, Koeduka T, Ishigami K, Hosokawa S, Watanabe H, Matsui K, Hasezawa S, Touhara K. Transcription regulators involved in responses to volatile organic compounds in plants. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 15 Feb 2019. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.005843

  19. Helvecia says:

    The best news in a long time, I have to admit. That it is Donald Trump, who has legalized hemp for the first time in a century, is kind of ironic. https://thehempoilbenefits.com/farm-bill-2018-changes-for-the-hemp-industry

  20. Servetus says:

    Not everyone can wrap their head around the fact that hemp is now legal:

    Feb 1, 2019 – Big Sky Scientific LLC has filed a lawsuit against the Idaho State Police, Ada County and attorney Jan M. Bennetts after 6,701 pounds of a THC-containing substance was seized last week. […]

    According to documents obtained by the Statesman, Big Sky Scientific claims that the product seized during an inspection was industrial hemp, per the definition outlined in the 2018 farm bill, and therefore was a protected substance, should not have been seized in the first place and should be returned. […]

    Ada County prosecutor Scott Bandy told the Statesman earlier this week that any substance in Idaho containing any amount of THC is by law considered marijuana and therefore is illegal. As a state, Idaho has not yet submitted a required plan to adhere to the 2018 farm bill the lawsuit cites.

    “Our troopers adhere to Idaho law. Substances with any amount of THC are illegal in this state,” Marsano said.

    Generally speaking, hemp contains less than 0.3 percent of THC, according to The Associated Press, while marijuana contains 15-40 percent THC.

    “The 2018 Farm Bill prohibits states from blocking the transportation of industrial hemp in interstate commerce as Defendants have done,” the lawsuit reads. “Notwithstanding the 2018 Farm Bill, states cannot prohibit the shipment of a legal good through interstate commerce under the Commerce Clause.”

    Palamarchuk was arrested and released on a $100,000 bond.

    “Company files suit against Idaho State Police, seeks return of what it declares is hemp” — https://www.idahostatesman.com/latest-news/article225426235.html

    Good things may emerge from the Idaho hemp arrest. For one, if Idaho cops can be taught to distinguish hemp from marijuana, it will establish that virtually anyone can learn the difference.

    • Servetus says:

      Idaho State Police may get test equipment to tell hemp and pot apart:

      BOISE, Idaho—May 2, 2019 — Idaho State Police may get the funding to purchase equipment that would allow investigators to distinguish hemp from marijuana after a high-profile case in the state grabbed headlines and prompted a federal lawsuit.

      The state legislature’s Joint Finance-Appropriations Committee on Friday approved about $240,000 for three testing devices for crime labs in the cities of Meridian, Pocatello and Coeur d’Alene, the Idaho Statesman reported. The funding must be approved by the House and Senate.

      “This is in response to what we can see coming,” said state Sen. Abby Lee, a Republican. “They need these tools, and they need them this year. If they have an arrest, they can’t wait to send those results out to Kentucky.” […]


  21. Vet CBD says:

    CBD, the non-psychoactive cannabinoid of pot, has turned into a well known fixing of late. Advocates guarantee it can alleviate tension, stress, torment, and a sleeping disorder without getting buyers high, and you would now be able to discover it in everything from lotions, lattes, and nutrients to treats, chewy candies, teas, brew, frozen yogurt, rub oils, and puppy treats.

    Furthermore, CBD just got a major lift on account of US officials. On Thursday, President Trump marked into law the ranch charge, which contained an arrangement authorizing hemp, a types of cannabis that CBD can be separated from yet that isn’t psychoactive.

    • DdC says:

      CBD is not an alternative to THC, it works in synergy with each other and the other cannabinoids. There is a difference between Hemp and Ganja CBD. Same as Hemp oil and Ganja or Cannabis oil. I’ve had good responses from patients reducing inflammation with CBD. Good skin care with Hemp Oil. Hemp oil is also good for supplementing the ECS to fight off infections as an alternative to ABs.

      App-Based Study Finds THC
      Has More Therapeutic Benefit Than CBD


      What is the Difference Between CBD and THC for Sex?

      The SAM Old Half-Truths About Cannabis Legalization
      New Project SAM poll finds only 11%
      support for marijuana prohibition.

      Hemp Oil vs. CBD Oil: What’s the Difference?

      From THC to CBD, we’ve got the 411

      Trump Administration Wants More Input
      On Marijuana Rescheduling


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