Drug policy wins

Whatever depression you may be experiencing regarding the election process in this country right now, you can at least take comfort in the voters coming through in drug policy reform.

Every Single Marijuana And Drug Policy Ballot Measure Passing On Election Day Bolsters Federal Reform Push

Five more states legalized cannabis in some form and Oregon became the first state to legalize psilocybin mushrooms for therapy and also more broadly decriminalize drug possession. Meanwhile, voters in Washington, D.C. also approved a measure to decriminalize psychedelics in the nation’s capital.

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28 Responses to Drug policy wins

  1. Bonkin'ForJ says:

    Just in: Israel has decided to legalize cannabis for recreational usage.

    A panel of police and experts have reportedly signed off on a recommendation to fully legalize sale and consumption of cannabis to Israelis aged 21 and over. And a Knesset ministerial committee is reportedly set to recommend the full legalization of cannabis in a report due to be published this week.

    Kindly google: Knesset committee to recommend full legalization of cannabis

  2. Bonkin'ForJ says:

    Just in:

    Israel announces plan to legalize recreational cannabis within 9 months


  3. BillyBounce says:

    The WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) has eliminated, among other things, recreational cannabis from their list of doping substances. WADA is attached to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and governs athletes in national and international competitions.


  4. SebGreenstein says:

    Here’s another just like the others:

    Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam has announced plans to introduce an adult-use cannabis legalization bill when the General Assembly reconvenes in January. Lawmakers in the House of Delegates have indicated that the legislation would likely pass that chamber, while Senate Majority Leader Dick Saslaw said the issue would have slightly better than 50-50 odds.


  5. DdC says:

    Ganja (Sanskrit) is the Fastest growing living wage job market heading for 300,000 full time by years end.

    Cannabis Industry Is America’s Fastest-Growing Sector, 15% growth 2019 Employs Over 240,000 Full-Time Workers

    Cannabis use among older Americans up 75% in 4 years

    U.S. Federal Cannabis Legalization
    Could Be Worth $128.8 Billion in Taxes
    and 1.6 Million Jobs

    Cannabis & COVID-19: Top Studies 08/20

  6. strayan says:

    Mexico Threatened to Kick Out the DEA to Get US Charges Dropped Against Former Top General


  7. claygooding says:

    It would be, IMO, the only chance for Biden to gain any grace or dignity.
    The maternal father of the prisons for profit ind and numerous other spinoff orgs ending it would be a miracle.

  8. well… I know that as of Dec 3 I will no longer be a felon whilst possessing my herb in Arizona!

    Now I be feeling much safer in my north – south travels here on the best coast.

  9. and then there’s this from the “We Don’t Make The Laws, We Just Enforce Them” branch of LE:

    Members of law enforcement sue to halt marijuana legalization in South Dakota

  10. Now Live says:



  11. CJ says:

    Hello everyone. This is CJ. Longtime users who know me here I say hello, happy holidays to you all… to anyone new who reads this hello to you too… this post right now is, it’s kind of a prologue to a post I hope to make tomorrow because I dont think right now I could write the meat and potatoes of the situation, being knee deep in the mix as I am at this second but it does my anxieties some good just to at least write this much… I am coming looking for some help and advice… some bizarre things have been happening for several years now with my health… I think i talked about it a little last time when our good friend told me folks were wondering how I was doing which was really touching to me. But for instance how I gave 20 vials of blood from a thumb vein at NYU and it revealed nothing other then inhuman levels of bile retention and HIV esque levels of low almost non existant white and red blood cells And some other stuff… that was 2018 but these issues started early 2017 but some of the stuff I wonder about actually if some thing has been going on for decades but I was young and had a good immune system or whatever… like ugh I hate to admit this but I trust my friends here and I just better… well if I can say so humbly I was a good looking boy… ok but in recent years inexplicably and unexplainable the skin around my eyes and indeed elsewhere its like…. disappearing and it’s like not a small thing… but when I noticed it first a couple years ago… I went back and saw a very small indication of it in some photos from like 10 years prior. So that’s what I mean…

    And I’ve seen so many doctors guys as I know that is likely the first thing I think alot of folks would advice and I’m telling you with alot of the stuff they straight up tell me they do not know. What the hell do you do at that point?

    I told you guys my dad was my savior the love of my life my everything and he died. He was one of those guys that was like beloved by all. A very charismatic insanely caring italian man who was colorful and the purest soul just he loved everyone he loved life he loved making people happy to the point he ignored himself. So I had a doctor for decades. She was more than a doctor though she was a close friend of my dads and though we didnt see eye to eye with stuff and I resented her at times she went to his funeral and she is a very capable doctor. when the problems got bad at first I went to her first.. but eventually I went to NYU. Well after countless doctors couldnt help I considered her my last option hoping for the sake of my dad she would be inclined to help because I think things are so messed up that I need a doctor who would have like a special interest in helping me… I thought I might be able to get that with her… but I mean… when I saw her a few months ago she seemed to afraid of coronavirus to properly examine me. I told her what I just said to you all and I begged her to help me for my FATHERS sake and she acknowledged our history but still….

    So to be clear right after I got off the street I continued to use regularly.. let’s say I been inside 6 years so maybe the first half I was using heroin and cocaine the heroin regularly but the coke once in awhile. eventually it became a once in awhile thing and sometimes I’d stop for long stretches or do it once a week. When my dad got diagnosed with cancer at first I fell off the deep end, recovered myself, then fell off again and recovered again. When he died it was like a suicide mission where it was intense everyday use up until july 19 of this year. By that point it was clear the using was having a direct effect on my health problems i had hoped it was the sole thing responsible… things had gotten so bad I was thinking I’d be dead soon if I didnt stop. So I did.

    Since july there was 1 incident and I felt so sick from doing it that it just reaffirmed my quitting. And some health issues did improve but not at all completely. Some things got a little better… like that bile issue was getting progressively worse like any time I gave blood I’d set a new guiness record. One of the great liver doctors wanted to do a biopsy but it was all happening at the same time things were going all over the place with my dad I totally neglected myself….

    So for the past 2 years and a half now I had just assumed I was setting new world records for bile retention and july 19 when I made the decision to quit and not kill myself i gave it almost 3 months… I wanted to wait longer before seeing the life long doctor person… what happened was years ago after noticing the skin around my eyes I absolutely refused to look at myself in a mirror. I shit you not my friends. That was my cowardly way of handling things. So like 2 months after the july 19 quit date I accidentally did my reflection finally and it broke me. It broke me.

    So I decided to make the appointment immediately. I did.

    So one of the other issues are bizarre scars that appear for no reason. Bizzare circles with a thick red ring and it’s amazing because it is insane how they are almost perfectly located for example on the left wrist where theres one theres one on the exact same corresponding place on the opposite wrist and it’s like that wherever they are basically. They are mostly on the back of my hands and wrist but some shit even was on my nose and theyve been on my biceps. I’ve seen 4 dermatologists. One was so horrible she let me leave with a full blown STAPH infection she hadn’t even bothered to examine. The staph infection began as just one of this unexplainable random scars and really they are unexplainable. Plenty of times I’ve wrapped my arm up in medical wrap or worn gloves or whatever next thing you know a full day passes I take it off and somehow someway one has appeared under the wrap or gloves. Sometimes they are blood blisters or bizarre just small balls of fluid but they always heal and wind up looking like the circular ring scar.

    Theres diabetes in the birth family and when I looked up diabetes scars i saw for the first time search results that finally looked like my problem. On top of that I began to notice how my mood would be insanely improved and I’d feel alot better after eating so I became convinced I had diabetes.

    Well somehow someway I saw the family friend doctor we gave blood (finally have veins in my arms again) and wtf it came back she said no diabetes and nothing was up at all with the bile. I didnt know what to say. I was happy but again confused.

    Ok guys I said I wanted to make this a prologue and I got carried away but let me just say why and the events of the past few days.

    I came here because, to any new folks, I was cardboard on concrete food from the garbage sign holding junkie prostitute for a long time. Shooting heroin getting arrested etc etc. It was because of an arrest in 2010 or 2011 that I cooled off for a year and did methadone and found this website. Well i had my close friends who were as experienced as me or more so who i trusted almost like family. In 2020 they are almost all dead in fact two died this year both directly or indirectly partially due to drug war insanity and the hell it ravaged on their souls and lives and families. They both took their own lives. The people I could look to for help with just experience or knowledge to anyone out there trying to learn about the realities of the drug war I’m telling you dozens and dozens of friends and they were all not overly old whatsoever but they are mostly dead or disappeared or for whatever reason no longer in contact because they’re on some 12 step zero contact shit or whatever. Literally there is no one left for me to turn to. I have friends but we weren’t that close and although we went through the streets together and there will always be something deeper to our relationship those are a very small number and next to impossible to reach and it just isnt able to work. I couldnt post this on Facebook because after my father died alot of family found me on there and I try not to be explicit on there…

    So I felt this was the only place i could turn to. My dads one year death anniversary happened 3 days ago and i couldnt handle it. So I got stuff from the guy I’ve dealt with exclusively for many years. The results were terrifying and something I have never experienced and I dont understand. Frankly it has scared me. And it’s like I could picture telling the doctor about it and knowing she has no sympathy for drug use and she might say something like “the solution is dont do it” but thats not the point. I dont want to better understand the situation in order to figure out how to successfully get high, my concern is why my body is doing what it’s doing and what that might actually mean regarding this health issue going on for years.

    So I wrote this all while going thru a physical hell. I will end it now saying thank you to anyone who read all of this and who may be inclined to help. I need to explain the specifics when I’m not knee deep in this bizarre and extreme pain. So I will look to explain it all more fully hopefully tomorrow…. stay safe everyone stay safe

    • darkcycle says:

      Go to Mayo. Seriously, Mayo Clinic doctors are the only ones I know of that will go out of their way to figure out a mystery illness….they are an endowment, I believe, and get paid regardless of what your insurance will cover, and they are heavy hitters. Talk to Mayo. Kinda knew about your issues from our conversations…hope you are doing better, CJ. Hang in there, brother.

    • Bonkin'ForJ says:

      Have you checked out information on Ringworm, a common fungal skin disorder otherwise known as “tinea” or dermatophytosis?

    • Son of Sam Walton says:

      You should move to Oklahoma for the fresh air and all the weed they let you buy. Most people only pay $100 for 4-7 grams of concentrates/vapes and most flower tests 20%-30% THC and costs $15-$30 an 8th and CBD only flower can be as low as 5% THC and most people only pay $20-30 dollars for 250mg edibles or 500mg tinctures, therefore anything you take for pain and anti-inflammation would be affordable . . . just a few sunflower seeds every so many hours to reup on enough THC to move forward.

      We’ve got loads of healthy vegetables and affordable housing and if you work at a factory, you can usually get transportation to and from with co-workers. Lots of space and fresh air, lots of wildlife and lots of forest trails to smoke on. Towns the size of 6,500-30,000 would offer you the best jobs to price of living and its not uncommon to rent a small two/four bedroom home on a few acres of land for $800 or less a month.

      Years ago I would tell you to avoid Oklahoma, but if a fresh location is what you need to nurture your body, mind, and soul, while smoking as much weed as Jamaican Rastas, then Oklahoma is for you. Who in the world ever heard of 29% THC bud going for more than $65 after taxes for 7.5 grams of kill? And everybody is aging and getting older and because everybody experiences pain, sickness and death, you are automatically qualified for Medical Cannabis in Oklahoma since you are more likely to die or age than non living creatures . . . you just have to be 18yrs old or have a parent with a doctors note if you are under 18.

      Find a way to come here and live in one of the smaller towns an hour or less away from Tulsa or OKC, but make sure it has factories so you can afford your stay and food and earn enough to save up, plus they have benefits and 401Ks and hire anybody as long as your felony wasn’t too evil. $13hr is good money in a place with 18,000 residents. And you can get a few acres of land on a place you rent at for $800 or less for place that has a few bedrooms out in the country. And take full advantage to the local vegies and fruits and wild game and catfish . . . its cheaper for poor people to eat fresh fish, fresh meats, oats, grains, fresh vegies, dairy, and fresh fruits than it is for them to eat on $1 dollar candies/chips and fast foods. Vegies and meats last weeks, whereas candy and fast food lasts hours. $5 at fastfood feeds one for less than a day, but $5 of local meats or fresh vegies feeds one for three-seven days.

      Clean air, lots of deer, lots of wild land to walk through, plenty of lakes, ponds, streams, creaks, and rivers, and a whole mess load of colorful birds to fill the skies and branches. Instead of tall buildings, you can see hills. And everybody waves at you on country roads and howdy is typical to be heard by all and flat tires get handles by strangers. Small town Oklahoma is pretty nice now that Cannabis is legal. And I don’t even drink now that we got cold beer hire than 3% being sold on a Sunday night, like it was a Wednesday night. Plus Google is in Oklahoma and the facility is massive and growing and is comparable for even the large factories, thus it makes me think if Google won’t put more than 50% of itself in Oklahoma . . . and when you think of Google, you also tend to think about hunting wild deer, hunting wild boar, riding horses out on the plain, the rodeo, and lots of catfishing.

      • Son of Sam Walton says:

        That’s after you’ve gone to the Mayo and got another opinion. NYC from this side of the Union looks too crowded and too expensive and with the loss of your dad, I think the city would be just a giant concrete tomb with nothing fresh and nothing exciting. When I visit large cities around the States, the World or even Tulsa or OKC, I need money to enter places just to participate in the now or fun or moment, but out here, there are lots of ‘free’ stuff to do and then when that get’s old, go to the city for a rave or a hockey game.

        Dude, years ago I would have told you to get Syphilis before coming to Oklahoma. But this place is great and I could never imagine leaving it. Try it for one year and your health should improve if you take full advantage of the fresh food, nature, polite people, and all our cannabis flower and THC/CBD treats.

        I look forward to and feel as excided about 1hr-1.5hr almost daily long mother nature trail walks filled with deer and bucks the way I look forward to and feel excided about going to large raves, Barcelona, Amsterdam, Paris, New Orleans, Las Vegas, Key West, San Antonio, or Oklahoma City.

        This State isn’t the same as it was a few years ago.

      • NorCalNative says:

        Mouthy, some of your new neighbors may be pot growers from CA. The ability to grow and have a cannabis business is much cheaper and easier than in CA.

        I’m aware of some Humboldt County growers who have made the move.

        With the fires in CA, some growers had contaminated flowers being destroyed instead of becoming part of commerce. Black market weed in NorCal harvested after August 17, when a big fire burned over a million acres is likely to be smoke contaminated.

        • Son of Sam Walton says:

          My wife and I are friends with this one couple who came from LA and they grow their bud and process it into concentrates. They brought their friends from Cali. We met because we have rave culture with them and have dined with them three times and my wife even drove out to the country to help fix their flat tire (fix’n a friend or stranger’s flat tire is another form of waving or handshaking in Oklahoma).

          But Oregon is the only state I see prices comparable if not a bit lower than Oklahoma’s. But I wonder if you are allowed to buy as much in Oregon as you can in Oklahoma?

          And only Mesquite or Hickory smoked cannabis sounds good NorCal. I feel sorry for those who still have to buy it off the black market because of laws and pricing.

  12. Servetus says:

    Prohibitionist Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) appears to be suffering from short term memory loss and is expected to resign her Senate seat before her term of office is up.

    Senator Feinstein will be remembered for being forced by the Democratic Party prior to her re-election in 2020 to say she supported marijuana law reform. After she retained her Senate seat, she reneged on her support.

    She is currently the senior Democrat on the Senate Judiciary Committee.


    • darkcycle says:

      Ironic, no? The marijuana hating Prohibitionist suffering from dementia….a condition which may be partially alleviated or potentially even treated with cannabis? The universe runs on irony.

  13. Son of Sam Walton says:

    Marijuana Policy Wins: for $71 dollars out the door (excluding a $2 dollar tip, totaling $73), I came home with 5 grams of diamonds (74%THCA) and a gram of Pineapple Chunk (29% THC). Now I’m tasting them with some Eagles Live on vinyl double. With 5 grams for such a deal (vet discount and $5 dollar rewards), I couldn’t help but spoon myself out a bit more than normal on my flower. I’ve only hit the dab rig 2 or 3 times in my life, so its all on flower. Oklahoma sometimes offers ‘Claim My Deal’ rewards for $100 (plus tax less vet discount and rewards points) and most places don’t care if you claim your deal as long as you have the cash: 3-10 1g (1.1g &1.2g) vape pens for $108-116; 4-10 grams of all sorts of rosin, badder, diamonds, sugar, wax, shatter, and live resins. I’ve seen some offer 12grams for $100 (damn it, that was the place I just went to for the 5g of diamonds for $65odd), but I’m tired of shatters, waxes, sugars, and badders. For about $32 for me, I can get a gram chunck of dark brown hash at 51% THC and for $27 a gram of 33% loose press blond hash.

    And the diamonds I bought, I’m pretty sure its a Native American collective from local reservation plants, so I believe its a constant $65odd for 5grams because its in one container, instead of many 1 gram ones. Oklahoma’s marketing is topnotch. It caters to hipsters, OU/OSU House Divided football freaks, preppys–money, conservatives, cowboys, farmers, oil Natural Gas, hippies, feminist, and holistic-outdoor loving people on the packaging of products. The chains sell the stuff found all over the state at many stores, while the smaller ones sell hidden gems. And if its a chain, they usually have the best deals (like $49 oz and dabs/vapes galore deals for just over $100) and I don’t think they number larger than 7 stores per chain and some as small as 2. But the smaller ones dominate the scene. Better quality all around . Some stores have tier pricing and some are are all around, so a classic fine smelling 16%THC strain will cost as much as a newer 32%THC strain.

    I have one main dispensary, and I drive pass several in my small college town to a 12 minute out of the way one out in the country. One tier shopping, good selection of strains and quality full spectrum vapes and hash are their strong point for me. The owners are top notch and offer me the best discounts as well for flower. $62.63 for 7grams of flower, add $2.50 for a gram of 5%CBDx5%THC strain. But when I’m willing to drop $100 and am looking for 3-10gram vapes/dabs, its the other places, which I don’t consider cheating on my main squeeze since they are closed on Mondays.

    Some places have a half gram policy when you buy 8ths, so you wind up getting 4 grams for the price of $30-40. But the walk out the door price is more like plus $5-7 with taxes. My people don’t have to pay all the taxes as the town people do, so the price is lower for me. And bud tenders can be armed, so there is no reason to rob them.

    And with mushrooms, LSD, MDMA, and DMT coming into style, it’s just a matter of time before we get mushrooms and peyote in Oklahoma. I love how all of this keeps the money inside the counties and town and medium to large grow facilities are everywhere. Right now, there must be at least one ton of pot growing in my county alone . . . that’s how it feels when you drive down highways, county roads, and backroads, plus whatever the patients themselves grow. I know I smoke at least a half pound a month between my flower and concentrates, lately, up from just 14-20grams a month before I got my card.

  14. Servetus says:

    Synthetic cannabinoids can be deactivated using a vaccine:

    15-DEC-2020…In a new study, Scripps Research scientists have devised a way to deactivate these designer drugs after they’ve been administered–offering a potential path for treating addiction and overdose.

    The research … team developed a vaccine that was able to broadly counter the effects of synthetic cannabinoids in rodents, sequestering the drug molecules before they could interact with the central nervous system. Importantly, the approach worked in models that simulated smoking and vaping, which is how the drugs are most commonly used in real life.

    “Synthetic cannabinoids are much more powerful and toxic than users often realize, and their rising prevalence has led to serious health issues among young people and adults,” Janda says. “We found a way to negate the dangerous effects of these drugs, even when they’re consumed in impure forms, as is often the case. Our hope is that this may one day help treat cannabinoid use disorders or accelerate recovery for people who overdosed.”

    Not to be confused with marijuana:

    Synthetic cannabinoids act on the same brain cell receptors as THC, the mind-altering ingredient in marijuana. However, they’re man-made in a laboratory, with chemical structures that don’t look anything like THC. Moreover, their actual effects can be unpredictable and, in some cases, fatal, Janda says.

    The synthetic drugs are often sprayed on dried plant materials so they can be smoked, or sold as vaping liquids to be inhaled using e-cigarettes. Manufacturers tend to sell the products in colorful foil packages and plastic bottles under a wide variety of brand names, including Spice, K2, Joker, Black Mamba and hundreds of others.
    Synthetic cannabinoids are also sometimes mixed with other dangerous drugs such as fentanyl, which can make them more deadly. Overdoses are on the upswing, as evidenced by calls to poison control centers.

    “The drugs often called synthetic marijuana are, in reality, very different from marijuana,” the American Association of Poison Control Centers says. “They contain powerful chemicals and can cause severe, life-threatening health effects: severe agitation and anxiety, nausea, vomiting, seizures and hallucinations. The drugs are made specifically to be abused. Like many other illegal drugs, synthetic marijuana is not tested for safety, and users don’t know exactly what chemicals they are putting into their bodies.” […]

    Scripps Research News Release: Experimental vaccine can counter dangerous effects of synthetic cannabinoids:
    These illegal drugs are the fastest-growing group of new psychoactive substances and an increasing source of overdoses.

    Related Journal Article: Broadly Neutralizing Synthetic Cannabinoid Vaccines

    • NorCalNative says:

      Servetus, what are your thoughts? First, this is a prohibition-based approach to a group of man-made chemicals that exist primarily due to prohibition. Full legalization of weed and this issue fades significantly.

      Who is the target audience? Military? Prisoners? School-age kids or any cannabis user who crosses authority?

      The study only used Synthetic Cannabinoids. However, my question would be since this is designed to disrupt normal CB1 receptor signaling is there any overlap or impact on the endocannabinoid system? Could this vaccine be used to keep people from enjoying weed?

      “…which disable many types of cannabinoids. This is key, as synthetic cannabinoids encompass a wide range of man-made chemicals.”

      So am I just being paranoid or will this expand into treatment for the so-called CUD (Cannabis Use Disorder)?

      OT. December 13 is a new holiday for me. That’s the day my Trumper neighbors finally took down their Trump2020 sign and their Thin Blue Line Flag!!!

      • Servetus says:

        Your neighbors sound like they’re going through withdrawal. Rumors indicate that addictions to Trump are worse than quitting heroin. You should offer them some chemical support.

        Re the vaccine, it could be a solution looking for a problem as you suggest.

        The authors are claiming a 3.3% use of synthetics by high schoolers, although they don’t indicate whether it’s urban or rural areas that are affected. I’d expect the demographics to be different in most rural prohibition communities compared to marijuana-legal urban areas. Accessibilities differ for each.

        Not all synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are manmade. Saw palmetto, an herb that can be purchased for pennies in herbal shops, affects the CB1 receptor when smoked and has been used as the ingredient in what has been called “spice.” I tried it once and found the high to be seriously inferior to that of cannabis. Someone would have to be really desperate to prefer garbage like that when good weed is available.

        The chemical SCs the vaccine targets “are continuously composed of (1) an indole or indazole core; (2) a flanking carbonyl, amide, or ester linker; (3) a relatively conserved tail group largely limited to pentyl, fluoropentyl, benzyl, and cyclohexyl methyl; and (4) a more variable head moiety typically consisting of derivatives of naphthyl and valine.” Unless THC, CBD, CBN and so forth fit these molecular configurations, they’re unlikely to be targeted by the vaccine.

        That’s not to say that this same group of scientists couldn’t produce a vaccine targeting marijuana cannabinoids if they chose to do so. I can’t think of a reason why they would create such a vaccine given that cannabis compounds aren’t toxic and are well on their way to being made legal worldwide.

        • atrocity says:

          Rumors indicate that addictions to Trump are worse than quitting heroin. You should offer them some chemical support.

          I was assured multiple times right here that Donnie was going to legalize. I guess there’s still time…

  15. Servetus says:

    Another reason to prefer cannabis over other pain meds. Emotional pain and chronic physical pain are bidirectional; in a study on opioid receptors:

    December 21, 2020 — A broken heart is often harder to heal than a broken leg. Now researchers say that a broken heart can contribute to lasting chronic pain.

    In a reflections column published Dec. 21 in the Annals of Family Medicine, pain experts Mark Sullivan and Jane Ballantyne at the University of Washington School of Medicine, say emotional pain and chronic physical pain are bidirectional. Painkillers, they said, ultimately make things worse.

    Their argument is based on new epidemiological and neuroscientific evidence, which suggests emotional pain activates many of the same limbic brain centers as physical pain. This is especially true, they said, for the most common chronic pain syndromes – back pain, headaches, and fibromyalgia.

    Opioids may make patients feel better early on, but over the long term these drugs cause all kinds of havoc on their well-being, the researchers said.

    “Their social and emotional functioning is messed up under a wet blanket of opioids,” Sullivan said…The researchers said new evidence suggests that the body’s reward system may be more important than tissue damage in the transition from acute to chronic pain.

    By reward system, they are referring, in part, to the endogenous opioid system, a complicated system connected to several areas of the brain, The system includes the natural release of endorphins from pleasurable activities.

    When this reward system is damaged by manufactured opioids, it perpetuates isolation and chronic illness and is a strong risk factor for depression, they said.

    “Rather than helping the pain for which the opioid was originally sought, persistent opioid use may be chasing the pain in a circular manner, diminishing natural rewards from normal sources of pleasure, and increasing social isolation,“ they wrote. Both Sullivan and Ballantyne prescribe opioids for their patients and say they have a role in short-term use. […]

    UW Research Press Release: Perspective: Why opioids cannot fix chronic pain: Researchers say that emotional pain and chronic pain are related, and painkillers, ultimately, make things worse.

    Journal Article: When Physical and Social Pain Coexist: Insights Into Opioid Therapy

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